Good skin care practices can help to maintain smooth, firm and healthy skin. Eventually, though without proper protection, time and sun exposure take a toll on the skin’s appearance. Skin problems can occur because of age, exposure to environmental and other factors. Some common skin flaws are the result of genetics, viruses, and other causes. A cosmetic dermatologist such as Dr Gauba will have the advanced training and expertise necessary to effectively treat your skin problems.
The skin is our largest organ. As adults we carry some 8 pounds of the stuff around with us. Skin is a waterproof, insulating covering which guards the body against extremes of temperature, damaging sunlight, and harmful chemicals. Your skin manufactures vitamin D for converting calcium into healthy bones and maintaining your immune system.
The skin is made up of three layers.
- The epidermis is the outermost layer which is mostly keratin, a tough protein.
- The dermis lies underneath the epidermis and gives the skin its strength and elasticity thanks to fibers of collagen and elastin. Blood vessels here help regulate body temperature by increasing blood flow to the skin to allow heat to escape, or by restricting the flow when it’s cold.
- The skin’s base layer is the subcutis, which includes a seam of fat laid down for insulation and cushions us from knocks and falls.
Melanin gives our skin it’s colour and protects us from the sun’s potentially cancer-causing ultraviolet (UV) rays. Dark-skinned people produce more and deeper-colored melanin.
Fair skin is an adaptation found in people from northern latitudes where the sun’s rays are relatively weak.
Skin concerns we can help you with
The skin is constantly bombarded with UV radiation and polution from the outside, as well as free radicals and AGE’s (advanced glycation end products) from the inside, from the food we eat. Good skin care is essential to prevent ageing damage to the skin. For existing skin concerns we offer a variety of treatments and products that can help.
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous hair follicles. Each follicle contains a tiny hair and multiple sebaceous glands. Acne occurs when the skin produces an excessive amount of oil or the oil producing glands are blocked. Read more about acne here>>
Pigmentation and melasma
Pigmentation may be caused by the sun, it may be age related, or it may be hormone related (melasma). Pigmentation caused by sun damage or age may form anywhere on the body, typically hands, decolletage and face are affected most. Melasma or Chloasma forms patches of excess pigmentation. Read more about pigmentation and melasma>>
Rosacea affects the face, the forehead, nose and cheeks tend to be worst affected. Symptoms include flushing, redness, spots, and sometimes thickening of the skin particularly of the nose which may lead to a related condition called rhinophyma where the nose becomes enlarged and reddened. Read more about Rosacea>>
Spider veins and thread veins
Spider veins and thread veins are very similar in appearance though they are actually different from each other. A thread vein is simply a vein or group of veins that have become distended whilst a spider vein is a central dilated blood vessel which has smaller capillaries or thread veins extending from it. Read more about spider veins and thread veins>>
Unwanted body or facial hair can lead to problems with self esteem and body image problems. Certainly excess male pattern hair growth on women, also called hirsuitism can be distressing. Read more about unwanted hair>>